Biomechanics is a field of study relating to how the body moves. Foot biomechanics studies how the structures of the foot work in tandem to perform timely functions, and how the feet interact with the lower leg. Feet act as mobile adaptors—absorbing shock to keep stress off the ankle, leg, knee and spine, while adapting to uneven surfaces—and as rigid levers allowing for a strong push-off during walking. When a person’s biomechanics work properly, they can move, walk, run and jump without pain or dysfunction. If you have any pain or immobility in your feet or ankles during these activities, contact a podiatrist. A biomechanical evaluation and gait analysis may help identify structural or functional abnormalities contributing to any dysfunction.
Biomechanics in Podiatry
Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.
A History of Biomechanics
- Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
- In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.
Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.
Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Vista, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Biomechanics in Podiatry
Striking a good balance between standing, sitting, and moving around throughout the day is optimal for the human body. But what do you do if your job requires you to stand most of the time? Prolonged standing (standing for more than 8 hours) puts an abundance of pressure on your feet, joints and back, and can cause ongoing circulation problems in the feet and legs (chronic venous insufficiency) with symptoms such as swelling (edema), varicose veins, and even leg ulcers should the condition progress. To help ease the burden you put on your body by working on your feet all day, try to sit as much as possible during breaks, move around whenever you can and change standing positions frequently to shift body weight around. You should also try to soften your knees, use a wide stance to balance your weight evenly, engage your core whenever possible to relieve stress on your feet and knees, and stand on a cushioned mat if possible. Above all else, wear good shoes that fit well, offer proper heel and arch support, and have a sole that’s wider than the heel. If you contact a podiatrist, they can offer additional advice on proper footwear, create custom orthotics to support your particular foot and ankle structure all day, and address issues you may be experiencing in those areas.
While working on the feet, it is important to take the proper care of them. For more information about working on your feet, contact one of our podiatrists from Toe-tal Family Footcare Associates. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.
Working on Your Feet
Standing on your feet for long periods of time can cause stress and pain in your feet. Your whole body may experience change in terms of posture, back pain, bunions, callouses and or plantar warts. There are ways to avoid these conditions with proper foot care, smart choices and correct posture.
Negative heeled shoe – Choosing this shoe type places the heel slightly lower than the ball of the foot. These are great for overall foot health. Find shoes that fit you correctly.
Go barefoot – Our feet were not designed to be enclosed for all hours of the day. Try to periodically expose your feet to air.
Foot Exercises – Performing simple exercises, incorporating yoga and doing stretches are beneficial. This will allow increased blood flow to the area and muscles of the foot.
Achilles tendon – Stretching the foot out flat on the floor will relax the calf muscles and tendon. These exercises can be performed almost anywhere. Make sure you add these exercises to your daily regimen.
With a little bit of this information and knowing more about foot health, you will notice changes. Foot stretches and proper footwear will help with pain and prevent further issues.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Vista, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about How to Handle a Long Work Day on Your Feet
Common symptoms that often accompany the medical condition that is known as cuboid syndrome can include pain while putting weight on the outside of the foot, in addition to discomfort in the middle of the foot while walking. The cuboid bone is one of several bones that are located in each foot, and cuboid syndrome can develop if the surrounding ligaments and tendons become inflamed. This can occur from a sudden injury, or from repetitive motion that is common in ballet dancers. Relief may be found when a cushioned pad is placed in the shoe that lies underneath the bone, and it may help to perform heel exercises. If you have pain in this part of your foot, please confer with a podiatrist as quickly as possible who can diagnose and treat cuboid syndrome.
Cuboid syndrome, also known as cuboid subluxation, occurs when the joints and ligaments near the cuboid bone in the foot become torn. If you have cuboid syndrome, consult with one of our podiatrists from Toe-tal Family Footcare Associates. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.
Cuboid syndrome is a common cause of lateral foot pain, which is pain on the outside of the foot. The condition may happen suddenly due to an ankle sprain, or it may develop slowly overtime from repetitive tension through the bone and surrounding structures.
The most common causes of cuboid syndrome include:
- Injury – The most common cause of this ailment is an ankle sprain.
- Repetitive Strain – Tension placed through the peroneus longus muscle from repetitive activities such as jumping and running may cause excessive traction on the bone causing it to sublux.
- Altered Foot Biomechanics – Most people suffering from cuboid subluxation have flat feet.
A common symptom of cuboid syndrome is pain along the outside of the foot which can be felt in the ankle and toes. This pain may create walking difficulties and may cause those with the condition to walk with a limp.
Diagnosis of cuboid syndrome is often difficult, and it is often misdiagnosed. X-rays, MRIs and CT scans often fail to properly show the cuboid subluxation. Although there isn’t a specific test used to diagnose cuboid syndrome, your podiatrist will usually check if pain is felt while pressing firmly on the cuboid bone of your foot.
Just as the range of causes varies widely, so do treatments. Some more common treatments are ice therapy, rest, exercise, taping, and orthotics.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Vista, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.
Read more about Cuboid Syndrome